Orientasi Kewirausahaan dan Keunggulan Kompetitif sebagai Faktor Pendorong Kinerja Usaha Mikro Kecil Menengah (UMKM) di Kota Surabaya

Entrepreneurship Orientation and Competitive Advantage as a Driving Factor for the Performance of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in the City of Surabaya

  • Firda Gangsar Ramadanti UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya
  • Deasy Tantriana UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya
  • Hanafi Adi Putranto UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya
  • Andriani Samsuri UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya
  • Muchammad Saifuddin UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya
Keywords: Orientasi Kewirausahaan, Kapabilitas Dinamik, Keunggulan Kompetitif, Kinerja UMKM

Abstract

Orientasi kewirausahaan, kapabilitas dinamik, dan keunggulan kompetitif telah menjadi subjek penelitian yang menarik berkaitan dengan Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) dalam menghadapi ketidakpastian lingkungan eksternal. Implementasi dari ketiga variabel tersebut diharapkan mampu mendorong kinerja UMKM ke tingkat yang lebih tinggi. Dengan menggunakan perhitungan cluster random sampling, diperoleh jumlah sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 248 responden UMKM Binaan Kota Surabaya. Untuk menguji instrumen dan hipotesis, peneliti menggunakan analisis Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) yang berbasis varians yaitu Partial Least Square (PLS) versi 3.2.9. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kapabilitas dinamik dan keunggulan kompetitif tidak memediasi hubungan antara orientasi kewirausahaan dan kinerja UMKM di Kota Surabaya.

Entrepreneurial orientation, dynamic capabilities, and competitive advantage have become interesting research subjects relating to Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in facing external environmental uncertainty. The implementation of these three variables is expected to be able to push MSME performance to a higher level. By using cluster random sampling calculations, the number of samples in this study was 248 respondents from Surabaya City-assisted MSMEs. To test the instruments and hypotheses, researchers used variance-based Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis, namely Partial Least Square (PLS) version 3.2.9. The results of this research indicate that dynamic capability and competitive advantage do not mediate the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and MSME performance in the city of Surabaya.

References

Abdelkareem, R., Battour, M., & Al-Awlaqi, M. (2022). Entrepreneurial Orientation, Dynamic Capabilities, and Business Processes Performance: Evidence from Egyptian SMEs. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-1557654/v1

Abdillah, W., & Hartono, J. (2015). Partial Least Square (PLS)-Alternatif Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) dalam Penelitian Bisnis (I). CV ANDI.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2019). Angka dan Jumlah Penduduk Miskin di Kota Surabaya Tahun 2015-2019. https://surabayakota.bps.go.id/statictable/2020/01/09/623/angka-dan-garis-kemiskinan-serta-jumlah-penduduk-miskin-kota-surabaya-tahun-2010-2019.html

Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99–120.

Basco, R., Hernández-Perlines, F., & Rodríguez-García, M. (2020). The effect of entrepreneurial orientation on firm performance: A multigroup analysis comparing China, Mexico, and Spain. Journal of Business Research, 113(September), 409–421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.09.020

Bhandari, P., & Amponstira, F. (2021). Model of Entrepreneurial Orientation, Competitive Advantage and Performance of Women-Owned Enterprises in Gandaki Province, Nepal. Open Journal of Business and Management, 9, 2854-2865. https://doi.org/10.24252/minds.v9i1.27569

Budiastuti, D., & Versia. (2011). Pengaruh Kapabilitas Terhadap Keunggulan Kompetitif Dan Dampaknya Terhadap Kinerja Perusahaan Pada PT Adi Cipta, Makassar. Binus Bussines Review, 2(1), 286–292.

Chesbrough, H. (2010). Open Innovation: A Key to Achieving Socioeconomic Evolution - 3 How Smaller Companies Can Benefit from Open Innovation. Economy, Culture & History JAPAN SPOTLIGHT Bimonthly. http://openinnovation.berkeley.edu/papers/How_Smaller_Companies_Can_Benefit.pdf

Chin, W., & Todd, P. (1995). On The Use, Usefulness, and Ease of Use of Structural Equation Modeling in MIS Research: A Note of Caution. Journal of Management Information System Quarterly, 9(5).

Connor, T. (2002). The resource-based view of strategy and its value to practising managers. Strategic Change, 11, 307–316.

Covin, J. G., & Slevin, D. P. (1989). Strategic Management of Small Firms in Hostile and Benign Environments. Strategic Management Journal, 10(1), 75–87. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2486395

Dinas Koperasi dan UKM Jawa Timur. (2019). Tingkat Kontribusi K-UKM Perekonomian di Jawa Timur.

Dinas Koperasi dan UKM Jawa Timur. (2022). Data Nilai PDRB K-UKM di Jawa Timur Tahun 2016-2020.

Elidjen, Hidayat, D., & Abdurachman, E. (2022). The roles of gamification, knowledge creation, and entrepreneurial orientation towards firm performance. International Journal of Innovation Studies, 6(4), 229–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijis.2022.07.002

Fatikha, C., Rahayu, M., & Sumiati. (2021). Effect of Entrepreneurship Orientation and Market Orientation on Marketing Performance Through Competitive Advantage. Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen, 19(2), 448–458. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jam.2021.019.02.20

Fatmawati, R. (2013). Pengaruh Orientasi Pasar, Orientasi Kewirausahaan Terhadap Keunggulan Bersaing Dan Kinerja Pemasaran. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699.

Fitriati, T. K., Purwana, D., & Buchdadi, A. D. (2020). Dynamic Capabilities and SMES Performance: The Mediating Effect of Innovation (Study of SMES in Indonesia). 27(ICoSHEET 2019), 457–464. https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200723.115

Frank, H., Güttel, W., & Kessler, A. (2017). Environmental dynamism, hostility, and dynamic capabilities in medium-sized enterprises. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 18(3), 185–194. https://doi.org/10.1177/1465750317723219

Gupta, A., Chen, J., & Gupta, V. K. (2016). Does Management ’ s Attention to Different Facets of Entrepreneurial Orientation Create Value for the Firm ? New England Journal of Entrepreneurship, 19(2), 54–71. https://www.jstor.org/stable/43552904

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2006). Multivariate Data Analysis Pearson International Edition.

Hernández-Linares, R., Kellermanns, F. W., & López-Fernández, M. C. (2020). Dynamic capabilities and SME performance: The moderating effect of market orientation. Journal of Small Business Management, 59(1), 162–195. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12474

Hong, J., Song, T. H., & Yoo, S. (2012). Paths to Success: How Do Market Orientation and Entrepreneurship Orientation Produce New Product Success? Journal of Product Innovation Management, 30(1), 44–45. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5885.2012.00985.x

Hsu, L. C., & Wang, C. H. (2012). Clarifying the effect of intellectual capital on performance: The mediating role of dynamic capability. British Journal of Management, 23(2), 179–205. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10. 1111/j.1467-8551.2010.00718.x

Hughes, M., & Morgan, R. E. (2007). Deconstructing the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and business performance at the embryonic stage of firm growth. Industrial Marketing Management, 36(5), 651–661. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2006.04.003

Ibrahim Aminu, M. (2016). Building Dynamic Capabilities through Entrepreneurial Orientation. 1.

Kiyabo, K., & Isaga, N. (2020). Entrepreneurial orientation, competitive advantage, and SMEs’ performance: application of firm growth and personal wealth measures. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 9(12). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13731-020-00123-7

Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha. (2021). Iklim Persaingan Usaha di Indonesia.

Kotler, P., Armstrong, A., Swee-Hoon, L., Siew-Meng, T. Chin-Tiong, & Yau, O. H.-M. (2005). Principles of Marketing: An Asian Perspective. Pearson Prentice Hal.

Kump, B., Engelmann, A., Kessler, A., & Schweiger, C. (2019). Toward a dynamic capabilities scale: Measuring organizational sensing, seizing, and transforming capacities. Industrial and Corporate Change, 28(5), 1149–1172. https://doi.org/10.1093/icc/dty054

Kurnia Fitriati, T., Purwana, D., Dharmawan Buchdadi, A., & Kurniawan Subagja, I. (2020). Entrepreneurial Orientation and Sme Performance: Dynamic Capabilities As Mediation Study on Smes in Indonesia. KnE Social Sciences, 2020, 74–89. https://doi.org/10.18502/kss.v4i14.7860

Lim, E., & Kim, D. (2020). Entrepreneurial Orientation and Performance in South Korea: The Mediating Roles of Dynamic Capabilities and Corporate Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Research Journal, 10(3), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1515/erj-2016-0075

Limanseto, H. (2021). UMKM Menjadi Pilar Penting dalam Perekonomian Indonesia. Biro Komunikasi, Layanan Informasi, Dan Persidangan Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian. https://ekon.go.id/publikasi/detail/2969/umkm-menjadi-pilar-penting-dalam-perekonomian-indonesia

Liu, Y., Xi, M., Jia, Y., & Geng, X. (2021). Chief Executive Officers Entrepreneurial Orientation, Dynamic Capabilities, and Firm Performance: The Moderating Effect of the Manufacturing Industry. Frontiers in Psychology, 12(September). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.707971

Lumpkin, G. T., & Dess, G. G. (1996). Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance. Academy of Management Review, 21(1), 135–172. https://doi.org/10.5465/AMR.1996.9602161568

Martins, A. (2022). Dynamic capabilities and SME performance in the COVID-19 era: the moderating effect of digitalization. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1108/APJBA-08-2021-0370

McGee, J. E., & Peterson, M. (2019). The Long-Term Impact of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Orientation on Venture Performance. Journal of Small Business Management, 57(3), 720–737. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12324

Munizu, M. (2010). Pengaruh Faktor-Faktor Eksternal dan Internal Terhadap Kinerja Usaha Mikro dan Kecil (UMK) di Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Manajemen Dan Kewirausahaan, 12(1), 33–41.

Nedzinskas, Š., Pundziene, A., Buožiute-Rafanavičiene, S., & Pilkiene, M. (2013). The impact of dynamic capabilities on SME performance in a volatile environment as moderated by organizational inertia. Baltic Journal of Management, 8(4), 376–396. https://doi.org/10.1108/BJM-01-2013-0003

Nyachanchu, T. O., Chepkwony, J., & Bonuke, R. (2017). Role of Dynamic Capabilities in the Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Nairobi County, Kenya. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(31), 438. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n31p438

Omah, O. N. (2020). The Role of Dynamic Capabilities Concept in SME’s Business Performance. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research, 54(1), 249–261.

Organizaton for Economic Co-operaton and Development. (n.d.). OECD Studies on SMEs and Entrepreneurship. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1787/20780990

Padmadinata, F. Z. S., & PUSPIPTEK GD. (2007). Quality Management System and Product Certification Process and Practices for SME in Indonesia. Proceedings of the National Workshop on Subnational Innovation Systems and Technology Capacity Building Policies to Enhance Competitiveness of SMEs UN-ESCAP and Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI).

Pemerintah Kota Surabaya. (2022). Dari Program UMKM Hingga Padat Karya, Strategi Wali Kota Eri Cahyadi Bangkitkan Ekonomi Surabaya. Bidang Informasi Dan Komunikasi Publik Serta Statistik Dinas Komunikasi Dan Informatika Kota Surabaya. https://www.surabaya.go.id/id/berita/65672/dari-program-umkm-hingga-padat

Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2008 tentang Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah, (2008). https://peraturan.bpk.go.id/Home/Details/39653/uu-no-20-tahun-2008

Peng, M. Y. P., Zhang, Z., Yen, H. Y., & Yang, S. M. (2019). Dynamic capabilities and firm performance in the high-tech industry: Quadratic and moderating effects under differing ambidexterity levels. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(18), 11–15. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185004

Rehman, K. U., & Saeed, Z. (2015). Impact of Dynamic Capabilities on Firm Performance: Moderating Role of Organizational Competencies. Sukkur IBA Journal of Management and Business, 2(2), 20–42. https://doi.org/10.30537/sijmb.v2i2.92

Rezaei, J., & Ortt, R. (2018). Entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance: the mediating role of functional performances. Management Research Review, 41(7), 878–900. https://doi.org/10.1108/MRR-03-2017-0092

Saiman, L. (2017). Kewirausahaan: Teori, Praktik, dan Kasus-Kasus (2nd ed.). Salemba Empat.

Samodra, E. W., Samosir, P. S., & Pasribu, B. (2022). The Effect of Market Orientationand Entrepreneurship Orientation on Business Performance of Dairy Cattle Breeders in DKI Jakarta Province through Dynamic Capabilities as Intervening Variables. Krisnadwipayana International Journal of Management Studies, 2(2). https://doi.org/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35137/kijms.v2i2.751

Sinaga, J., Anggraeni, E., & Slamet, A. S. (2021). The Effect of Supply Chain Management Practices and Information and Communication Technology on Competitive Advantage and Firm Performance (Case Study: SMEs of Processed Food in Jakarta). Indonesian Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship, 7(1), 91–101. https://doi.org/10.17358/ijbe.7.1.91

Siregar, S. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif: Dilengkapi Perbandingan Perhitungan Manual & SPSS (1st ed.). Kencana Prenadamedia Group.

Sirivanh, T., Sukkabot, S., & Sateeraroj, M. (2014). The Effect of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Competitive Advantage on SMEs ’ Growth: A Structural Equation Modeling Study. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 5(6), 189–195.

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan Kombinasi (Mixed Methods) (Sutopo (ed.)). Alfabeta.

Tambunan, T. (2008). SME development, economic growth, and government intervention in a developing country: The Indonesian story. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 6(4), 147–167. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10843-008-0025-7

Teece, D. J. (2007). Explicating Dynamic Capabilities: The Nature and Microfoundations of (Sustainable) Enterprise Performance. Strategic Management Journal, 28(13), 1319–1350. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.640

Teece, D. J. (2017). Business models and dynamic capabilities. Long Range Planning, 51(1), 40–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2017.06.007

Thanh Nhon, H., Van Phuong, N., Quang Trung, N., & Quang Thong, B. (2020). Exploring the mediating role of dynamic capabilities in the relationship between intellectual capital and performance of information and communications technology firms. Cogent Business and Management, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2020.1831724

US SBA Office of Advocacy. (2021). 2021 Small Business Profile. In U.S. Small Business Administration: Office of Advocacy.

Venkatraman, N., & Ramanujam, V. (1986). Measurement of Business Performance in Strategy Research: A Comparison of Approaches. Academy of Management Review, 11(4), 801–814. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1986.4283976

Yeremias, L., Moeljadi, & Ratna, K. (2019). The Effect of Entrepreneurship Orientation on Competitive Advantage Is Mediated By Innovation And Market Orientation (Evidence on Woven Fabric In Kupang/NTT). International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, 19(5), 164–169.

Yucel, I. (2011). Entrepreneurial orientation, executives individualism and Firm Performance: The moderating role of executives individualism. Far East Journal of Psychology and Business, 5(3), 63–78. http://www.fareastjournals.com/files/FEJPBV5N3P3.pdf

Zeebaree, M. R. Y., & Siron, R. B. (2017). International Review of Management and Marketing The Impact of Entrepreneurial Orientation on Competitive Advantage Moderated by Financing Support in SMEs. International Review of Management and Marketing, 7(1), 43–52. http:www.econjournals.com

Published
2024-06-30
How to Cite
Ramadanti, F. G., Tantriana, D., Putranto, H. A., Samsuri, A., & Saifuddin, M. (2024). Orientasi Kewirausahaan dan Keunggulan Kompetitif sebagai Faktor Pendorong Kinerja Usaha Mikro Kecil Menengah (UMKM) di Kota Surabaya: Entrepreneurship Orientation and Competitive Advantage as a Driving Factor for the Performance of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in the City of Surabaya. EKOMABIS: Jurnal Ekonomi Manajemen Bisnis, 5(01), 113 - 130. https://doi.org/10.37366/ekomabis.v5i01.865
Abstract viewed = 43 times
PDF (Indonesia) downloaded = 40 times